ranunculivora Hering, 1932
ranunculivora Hering, 1932a. Z. wiss. InsektBiol. 26:
Phytomyza ranunculivora Hering, 1932a; Hendel, 1935. Fliegen
palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 467
Phytomyza lingua Lundquist, 1947. Opusc. ent. 12(1-3):
75. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1976: 484]
Phytomyza ranunculivora Hering, 1932a; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk
ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 70 (fig. 230B), 90, 119
Phytomyza ranunculivora Hering, 1932a; Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 482-5, figs 849-51.
Phytomyza ranunculivora Hering, 1932a; Spencer, 1990. Host
specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 22, 41,
44 (fig. 160), 50, 125, 140, 177.
upper-surface corridor with the frass in relatively large, widely
dispersed fragments. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit in lower
epidermis (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Forms an elongated linear mine with the frass grains are widely spaced, which enables distinction between this species and P.ranunculi, where the frass is in closely adjoining grains. Pupation is external (British
Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.
The larva is described by de Meijere (1938a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).
Yellow; posterior spiracles each with 12 well-defined bulbs, forming
an almost complete circle (Spencer,
1976: 483 (fig. 488B)). Orange-yellow (British
Comments: Ranunculus ficaria is treated as Ficaria verna (Lesser Celandine) by Stace (2010).
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - mines: July-August, October.
of year - adults: May the following year.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including Surrey
(Chipsetad), Middlesex (Mill Hill), Pembs (Tenby) (Spencer, 1972b: 90), Mid Perth (Balrobbie Farm) (Bland,
1994c: 83), Warwickshire (Kingsbury Wood) (Robbins,
1991: 27); South Somerset (VC5), Warwickshire and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
Also recorded in Northen Ireland. See NDBC interactive map.
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elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Denmark,
Finland, Norway, Sweden, Spain (Menorca) (Spencer,
1976: 484), The Netherlands, Luxembourg (Bladmineerders van Europa), Germany (Spencer,
1976: 484), Austria, Balearic Is., Belarus, Czech Republic,
Estonia, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Poland and Slovakia (Martinez
in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.