The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


BUPLEURUM. Thorow-waxes and Hare's-ears. [Apiaceae]

Eleven species of Bupleurum are recorded in Britain, These include the native species Small Hare's-ear (B. baldense), Sickle-leaved Hare's-ear (B. falcatum) and Slender Hare's-ear (B. tenuissimum).

Small Hare's-ear (B. baldense) and Sickle-leaved Hare's-ear (B. falcatum) are protected under Schedule 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981.

Only one British miner is recorded on Bupleurum.

The polyphagous agromyzids Liriomyza huidobrensis and Liriomyza trifolii have been recorded in quarantine in Britain (Dom Collins (pers. comm.). See also Liriomyza species in Glasshouses and/or Quarantine Interceptions.

A key to the European miners recorded on Bupleurum is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Key for the identification of the known mines of British
insects (Diptera and non-Diptera) recorded on Bupleurum

1 > Leaf-miner: A large blotch, yellow or brown, preceded by a short corridor that in the end mostly is completely overrun. Generally several larvae share a mine. Especially in fresh mines the green primary and secondary feeding lines are well visible. Pupation outside the mine. Puparium yellow.

Euleia heraclei puparia
Euleia heraclei pupariria
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Polyphagous. On numerous genera of Apiaceae and possibly some Asteraceae, but not yet on Bupleurum in Britain. Throughout the British Isles. Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland and most of the Palaearctic region, as far east as Afghanistan.

Euleia heraclei (Linnaeus, 1758) [Diptera: Tephritidae].

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