The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Coleophora albitarsella Zeller, 1849
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]

White-legged Case-bearer


Coleophora albitarsella Zeller, 1849. Linn. ent. 4: 378.


Leaf-miner and case-bearer: Blotch mines reaching the edge of the leaf, initially pale green turning brownish white, are caused by the larva feeding on the underside of a leaf (UKMoths).

The fully developed case is slender, shining black brown, about 9 mm long. Towards the end a narrow, transparent yellowish ventral keel. Mouth angle 50-60°. Cases on the leaf underside (Bladmineerders van Europa).

The mine is illustrated in British Leafminers.

The case is also illustrated in British leafminers and UKMoths.

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Pupation from May to early June is in the case, usually attached to a hard surface such as a rock or post (UKMoths).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths by Nigel Whinney. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Lamiaceae        
Calamintha       British leafminers
Calamintha       Pitkin & Plant
Calamintha       UKMoths
Clinopodium vulgare Wild Basil British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Clinopodium vulgare Wild Basil British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Clinopodium vulgare Wild Basil British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths
Glechoma hederacea Ground-ivy British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Glechoma hederacea Ground-ivy British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Glechoma hederacea Ground-ivy British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths
Lycopus       Pitkin & Plant
Mentha       British leafminers
Mentha       Pitkin & Plant
Nepeta       Pitkin & Plant
Origanum vulgare Wild Marjoram British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Origanum vulgare Wild Marjoram British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths
Prunella vulgaris Selfheal British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Prunella vulgaris Selfheal British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Salvia horminioides     Pitkin & Plant
Salvia horminioides     British leafminers
Salvia horminioides     UKMoths
Stachys       Pitkin & Plant
Thymus       Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Lamiaceae        
Clinopodium       Belgian Lepidoptera
Clinopodium vulgare Wild Basil British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Glechoma       Belgian Lepidoptera
Glechoma hederacea Ground-ivy British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Lycopus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Lycopus europaeus Gypsywort   Bladmineerders van Europa
Melissa officinalis Balm British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Melittis       Bladmineerders van Europa
Mentha       Belgian Lepidoptera
Mentha aquatica Water Mint British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Mentha arvensis Corn Mint British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Nepeta       Belgian Lepidoptera
Nepeta cataria Cat-mint   Bladmineerders van Europa
Origanum       Belgian Lepidoptera
Origanum vulgare Wild Marjoram British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunella       Belgian Lepidoptera
Prunella vulgaris Selfheal British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Salvia       Belgian Lepidoptera
Salvia pratensis Meadow Clary   Bladmineerders van Europa
Salvia verbenaca Wild Clary British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Satureja       Bladmineerders van Europa
Stachys       Belgian Lepidoptera
Stachys       Bladmineerders van Europa
Thymus       Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: August - May (British leafminers). The larva starts feeding and case making in August, overwinters half grown, recommences feeding in early March and is full-grown in May (UKMoths).

Time of year - adults: Mid-June to August (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Throughout England and Wales and a few places in Scotland, in open and shady habitats where the foodplants occurs (UKMoths) including Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Caernarvonshire, Cambridgeshire, Denbighshire, Derbyshire, Durham, East Cornwall, East Norfolk, East Suffolk, East Sussex, Glamorgan, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Isle of Wight, Kincardineshire, Leicestershire, North Somerset, North-west Yorkshire, Pembrokeshire, Shropshire, Stafford, Surrey, West Gloucestershire, West Norfolk and West Suffolk (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Clinopodium vulgare, Glechoma hederacea, Lycopus europaeus, Melissa officinalis, Mentha aquatica, Mentha arvensis, Nepeta cataria, Origanum vulgare, Prunella vulgaris, Salvia pratensis, Salvia verbenaca

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Agathis anglica Marshall, 1885 Braconidae: Agathidinae
Agathis breviseta Nees, 1812 Braconidae: Agathidinae
Dolichogenidea infima (Haliday, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Diadegma armillatum (Gravenhorst, 1829) Ichneumonidae: Campopleginae


External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 04-Jul-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page