The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Coleophora wockeella Zeller, 1849
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]

Betony Case-bearer


Coleophora wockeella Zeller, 1849. Linn. Ent. 4: 215
Coleophora italiae Toll, 1960. Polski Pismo ent. 30: 105, fig'd.


Leaf-miner and case-bearer: The larva constructs a distinctive dark brown case from fragments of leaf (UKMoths). The case is illustrated in British leafminers.

Dark brown, bivalved, composite leaf case, about 10 mm long, and composed of 6-8 ringlets (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Described by Suire (1961a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group (check for update).

Comments: Stachys officinalis is treated as Betonica officinalis (Betony) by Stace (2010).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Lamiaceae        
Stachys officinalis Betony British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Stachys officinalis Betony British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Stachys officinalis Betony British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths

Hosts elsewhere:

Lamiaceae        
Stachys officinalis Betony British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: September - May (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: The adults fly in June and July, but are not often seen (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Now a very local species in Britain, it was formerly more widespread but generally is restricted to a few localities in southern England (UKMoths) including North Essex, Surrey and West Sussex (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russia - South, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish mainland and Switzerland, Also recorded in Near East (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Stachys officinalis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 01-May-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page