The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Ochsenheimeria urella Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1842
[Lepidoptera: Ypsolophidae]

Variable Stem-moth

Ochsenheimeria urella Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1842. Stett. ent. Ztg.: 211.
Ochsenheimeria bisontella
Lienig & Zeller, 1846. Isis.: 274.

Leaf-miner: Details unknown. Probably the larva mines for a few days only, and afterwards lives as a stem borer (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:


Hosts elsewhere:

Bromus       Bladmineerders van Europa
Elytrigia       Bladmineerders van Europa, as Agropyron
Hordeum vuilgare Six-rowed Barley   Bladmineerders van Europa
Melica       Bladmineerders van Europa
Secale cereale Rye   Bladmineerders van Europa
Triticum sativa     Bladmineerders van Europa

Comments: Recorded on 'grasses' by Plant in Pitkin & Plant, 2005.

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including Anglesey, Breconshire, Caernarvonshire, Denbighshire, Derbyshire, Dumfriesshire, Durham, East Norfolk, East Ross, East Suffolk, East Sutherland, Glamorgan, Haddington, Kincardineshire, Kirkudbrightshire, North Aberdeenshire, North Ebudes, North Essex, North Northumberland, Outer Hebrides, Shropshire, South Aberdeenshire, South Lancashire, South Northumberland, South-east Yorkshire, Stafford, West Norfolk, West Ross, West Suffolk, Westmorland and Shetland (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Luxembourg, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - North and Northwest, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Host species unknown

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.

External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google

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Last updated 27-Nov-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page