The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Parornix devoniella (Stainton, 1850)
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]

Hazel Slender


Ornix devoniella Stainton, 1850. Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (2) 1: 89.
Parornix devoniella
(Stainton, 1850).


Leaf-miner: Early mine a squarish or triangular blotch with brownish lower epidermis. Thereafter two or three successive folds formed by folding the leaf margin upwards (British leafminers).

Small, rectangular mine between two side veins (triangular when in a vein axil). The lower epidermis is brown. The larva begins feeding in the spongy parenchyma. Later also the palissade parenchyma along the outline of the mine is consumed. Finally all palissade parenchyma is eaten away, and the mine has become full depth and very transparant. Most frass in a cormer of the mine. After leaving the mine the larva lives in a rolled leaf margin. Here also pupation takes place (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

In folded leaf-edge, usually on ground (British leafminers). The pupa is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Betulaceae        
Corylus avellana Hazel British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Corylus avellana Hazel British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Corylus avellana Hazel British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths

Hosts elsewhere:

Betulaceae        
Corylus avellana Hazel British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Corylus colurna Turkish Hazel   Bladmineerders van Europa
Corylus maxima Filbert   Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: July, September (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Two generations, firstly in May and again in August (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Relatively common wherever its foodplant is found (UKMoths). Widespread in Britain including Bedfordshire, Breconshire, Buckinghamshire, Caernarvonshire, Cambridgeshire, Carmarthenshire, Cheshire, Cheviotland, Denbighshire, Derbyshire, Dorset, Dumfrieshire, Durham, East Cornwall, East Gloucestershire, East Kent, East Norfolk, East Suffolk, East Sutherland, Flintshire, Glamorgan, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Isle of Wight, Leicestershire, Merionethshire, Middlesex, Monmouthshire, Montgomershire, North Aberdeen, North Devon, North Ebudes, North Essex, North Hampshire, North Lincolnshire, North Somerset, North WIltshire, Northamtonshire, Northumberland South, Pembrokeshire, Radnorshire, Shropshire, South Aberdeen, South Devon, South Hampshire, South Wiltshire, SOuth-west Yorkshire, Stafford, Surrey, Warwickshire, West Cornwall, West Gloucestershire, West Kent, West Lancaster, West Norfolk, West Suffolk, Westmorland and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Moldova, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central, East, Northwest and South, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine. Also recorded in Near East (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Corylus avellana, Corylus colurna, Corylus maxima

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chacidoidea  
Achrysocharoides splendens (Delucchi, 1954) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis phryne (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Sympiesis acalle (Walker, 1848) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Sympiesis gordius (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Pholetesor circumscriptus (Nees, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Rhysipolis hariolator (Haliday, 1836) Braconidae: Rhysipolinae
Diadegma elishae (Bridgman, 1884) Ichneumonidae: Campopleginae
Scambus inanis (Schrank, 1802) Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
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Last updated 10-Aug-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page