The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


Stigmella anomalella (Goeze, 1783)
[Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae]

Rose Leaf Miner

Phalaena anomalella Goeze, 1783. Ent. Beitr. 3: 4, 168, 290.
? Nepticula aeneella
Heinemann, 1862
Stigmella caulescentella
Klimesch, 1946. Z. wien. ent. Ges. 31: 162, fig'd.
Nepticula zermattensis
Weber, 1937. Mitt. Schweiz. ent. Ges. 16: 668, fig'd
Stigmella anomalella
(Goeze, 1783).

Leaf-miner: An early gallery filled with greenish frass, later leaving clear margins (British leafminers).

Egg at the underside of the leaf, near a vein. The mine is a clear corridor, often with a hairpin turn, the section before the turn often following the leaf margin. The first section of the mine is entirely filled with greyish green frass. Further on the frass line is quite variable, black, sometimes coiled, always leaving a clear zone at either side. The shift in the frass pattern usually is quite sharp (probably coincides with a moult). The frass is deposited on the ceiling of the mine. Pupation external; exit slit in upper epidermis (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is bright yellow, head pale brown (British leafminers). The larva is also illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. he species is included in

Hosts in Great Britain and Ireland:

Rosa       British leafminers
Rosa       UKMoths
Rosa canina Dog-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Potentilla caulescens     Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa       Belgian Lepidoptera
Rosa arkansana     Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa canina Dog-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa centifolia Cabbage Rose   Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa glauca Red-leaved Rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa pendulina Alpine Rose   Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa pimpinellifolia     Belgian Lepidoptera
Rosa rubiginosa Sweet-briar   Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa rugosa Japanese Rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa tomentosa Harsh Downy-rose British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosa wichuriana     Bladmineerders van Europa
Sanguisorba       Belgian Lepidoptera
Sanguisorba minor Salad Burnet British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Sanguisorba officinalis Great Burnet British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: July, October - December (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Two generations, May and August (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain and Ireland: A fairly common species throughout the British Isles (UKMoths) including Anglesey, Ayrshire, Banffshire, Bedfordshire, Breconshire, Caernarvonshire, Cambridgeshire, Carmarthenshire, Cheshire, Derbyshire, East Gloucestershire, East Kent, East Norfolk, East Suffolk, Easterness, Edinburgh, Elgin, Glamorgan, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Kincardineshire, Leicestershire, Merionethshire, Middlesex, Monmouthshire, North Aberdeenshire, North Devon, North Ebudes, North Essex, North Hampshire, North Somerset, North-west Yorkshire, Shropshire, South Aberdeenshire, South Essex, South Lancashire, South Wiltshire, South-east Yorkshire, South-west Yorkshire, Stafford, Surrey, Warwickshire, West Gloucestershire, West Kent, West Lancashire, West Norfolk, West Suffolk, Westmorland and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas) and the Channel Is. (Fauna Europaea).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Fauna Europaea and National Biodiversity Data Centre Map).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corsica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - East and Northwest, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine and Yugoslavia. Also present in East Palaearctic (Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Rosa canina, Rosa centifolia, Rosa glauca, Rosa pendulina, Rosa rubiginosa, Rosa rugosa, Rosa tomentosa, Sanguisorba minor, Sanguisorba officinalis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chrysocharis nitetis (Walker, 1939) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis pubicornis (Zetterstedt, 1838) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis prodice (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Cirrospilus vittatus Walker, 1838 Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Sceptrothelys deione (Walker, 1839) Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Seladerma aeneum (Walker, 1833) Pteromalidae: Miscogastrinae
Ichneumonoidea - Links to species no longer available  
Coloneura stylata Förster, 1862 Braconidae: Alysiinae
Adelius erythronotus (Förster, 1851) Braconidae: Cheloninae
Adelius subfasciatus Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Cheloninae
Colastes braconius Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Exothecinae
Deuterixys rimulosa (Niezabitowski, 1910) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Mirax rufilabris Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Miracinae

External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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Last updated 11-Jul-2019  Brian Pitkin Top of page