The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Coleophora hemerobiella (Scopoli, 1763)
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]

Black-stigma Case-bearer


Phalaena hemerobiella Scopoli, 1763. Ent. Carn.: 252.
Coleophora hemerobiella
(Scopoli, 1763).


Leaf-miner and case-bearer: The species spends two years as a larva, the first one-and-a-half years in a small pistol-case, and in the second spring building a long straight case which is dark brown and rather distinctive (UKMoths).

The lava lives from autumn until summer next year. In autumn a composite leaf case is made, shaped like the handle of a walking stick. Early in the following spring a tubular leaf case is made that in the end is rather large (10 mm) and is positioned vertically on the leaf; mouth angle 90° (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Rosaceae        
Cotoneaster       Pitkin & Plant
Crataegus       British leafminers
Crataegus       Pitkin & Plant
Crataegus       UKMoths
Malus       British leafminers
Malus       Pitkin & Plant
Malus       UKMoths
Prunus avium Wild Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Prunus domestica Wild Plum British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Pyrus communis Pear Pitkin & Plant
Sorbus aria Common Whitebeam British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Sorbus aucuparia Rowan British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Rosaceae        
Amelanchier       Bladmineerders van Europa
Chaenomeles       Belgian Lepidoptera
Chaenomeles       Bladmineerders van Europa
Cotoneaster       Belgian Lepidoptera
Cotoneaster bacillaris Open-fruited Cotoneaster   Bladmineerders van Europa
Cotoneaster cambricus Wild Cotoneaster British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al.

Bladmineerders van Europa, as Cotoneaster integerrimus

Crataegus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Crataegus laevigata Midland Hawthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Cydonia       Belgian Lepidoptera
Cydonia oblonga Quince British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Malus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Malus baccata Siberian Crab   Bladmineerders van Europa
Malus pumila Apple British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al.

Bladmineerders van Europa, as Malus domestica

Malus floribunda Japanese Crab British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Malus fusca     Bladmineerders van Europa
Malus ringo     Bladmineerders van Europa
Malus sylvestris Crab Apple British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Malus x astracanica     Bladmineerders van Europa
Mespilus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Mespilus germanica Medlar British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Prunus avium Wild Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus cerasifera Cherry Plum British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus cerasus Dwarf Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus domestica Wild Plum British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Pyrus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Pyrus communis Pear Bladmineerders van Europa
Sorbus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Sorbus aria Common Whitebeam British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Sorbus aucuparia Rowan British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Sorbus intermedia Swedish Whitebeam British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Spiraea x bumalda     Bladmineerders van Europa
Spiraea x vanhouttei Van Houtte's Spiraea British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: Two-year life-cycle. September, feeding again from April to June. After aestivation and a second winter, feeding is completed in June of the second year (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: July (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Occurs locally in the south east of England (UKMoths) including Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Dorset, East Kent, East Suffolk, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Isle of Wight, Middlesex, North Essex, South Essex, Surrey, West Gloucestershire, West Kent, West Norfolk and West Suffolk (NBN Atlas) and the Channel Is. (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands. Also East Palaearctic and Near East (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Cotoneaster bacillaris, Cotoneaster integerrimus, Crataegus laevigata, Cydonia oblonga, Malus baccata, Malus pumila, Malus floribunda, Malus sylvestris, Mespilus germanica, Prunus avium, Prunus cerasifera, Prunus cerasus, Prunus domestica, Prunus spinosa, Pyrus communis, Sorbus aria, Sorbus aucuparia, Sorbus intermedia, Spiraea x vanhouttei

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Copidosoma peticus (Walker, 1846) Encyrtidae: Encyrtinae
Pteromalus semotus (Walker, 1834) Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Therophilus mediator (Nees, 1814) Braconidae: Agathidinae
Chelonus microphtalmus Wesmael, 1838 Braconidae: Cheloninae
Dolichogenidea decora (Haliday, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Dolichogenidea dilecta (Haliday, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Dolichogenidea lemariei (Nixon, 1961) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Orgilus rugosus (Nees, 1834) Braconidae: Orgilinae
Bathyplectes infernalis (Gravenhorst, 1820) Ichneumonidae: Campopleginae
Blapsidotes vicinus (Gravenhorst, 1829) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae
Dichrogaster aestivalis (Gravenhorst, 1829) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae
Eudelus scabriculus (Thomson, 1884) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae
Gelis areator (Panzer, 1804) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae
Itoplectis alternans (Gravenhorst, 1829) Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae
Scambus inanis (Schrank, 1802) Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae


External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 05-Aug-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page