The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Recurvaria nanella (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
[Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae]

Brindled Groundling


Tinea nanella Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775. Ank. Syst. Werk. Schmett. Wien.: 141.
Recurvaria nanella
(Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775).


Leaf-miner: The young larva mines the leaves of its foodplant then hibernates. It will then mines leaves or flowerbuds, then blossom or leaves (British leafminers).

Branched, sometimes stellate, brownish, very transparent, sometimes long corridor that contains no frass. All frass is ejected through a number of tiny openings that generally are close to a vein. Only the young larvae are miners (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Larva reddish brown; head and prothoracic plate black (Bland et al., 2002a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Rosaceae        
Malus       Bland, 2002a
Malus       British leafminers
Malus       Pitkin & Plant
Malus       UKMoths
Prunus       Pitkin & Plant
Prunus       British leafminers
Prunus       UKMoths
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bland, 2002a
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Pyrus       Bland, 2002a
Pyrus       British leafminers
Pyrus       UKMoths
Pyrus communis Pear   Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Rosaceae        
Amelanchier       Bladmineerders van Europa
Chaenomeles       Bladmineerders van Europa
Cotoneaster       Bladmineerders van Europa
Crataegus laevigata Midland Hawthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Cydonia oblonga Quince British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Malus pumila Apple British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al.

Bladmineerders van Europa, as Malus domestica

Malus ringo     Bladmineerders van Europa
Malus sylvestris Crab Apple British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Mespilus germanica Medlar British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus armeniaca Apricot   Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus avium Wild Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus cerasus Dwarf Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus domestica Wild Plum British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus domestica subsp. insititia Bullace   Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus dulcis Almond   Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus mahaleb St Lucie Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus persica Peach British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Pyrus communis Pear   Bladmineerders van Europa
Sorbus       Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: August - May (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: The adult moths fly in July and August, and are attracted to light, but can also be found resting on tree trunks (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: England from Yorkshire southwards (UKMoths) including Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Denbighshire, East Kent, East Suffolk, Hertfordshire, Isle of Wight, Middlesex, North Essex, Northamptonshire, South Essex, South Hampshire, West Kent, West Suffolk and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas) and in North Wales, although its range appears to be contracting rapidly UKMoths. It occurs in orchards, where it can be a pest (UKMoths).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Corsica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - Central, East and South, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Cydonia oblonga, Malus pumila, Malus sylvestris, Mespilus germanica, Prunus armeniaca, Prunus avium, Prunus cerasus, Prunus domestica, Prunus domestica subsp. insititia, Prunus dulcis, Prunus mahaleb, Prunus persica, Prunus spinosa, Pyrus communis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Lytopylus rufipes (Nees, 1814) Braconidae: Agathidinae
Therophilus dimidiator (Nees, 1834) Braconidae: Agathidinae
Therophilus rugulosus (Nees, 1834) Braconidae: Agathidinae
Bracon variegator Spinola, 1808 Braconidae: Braconinae
Ascogaster annularis (Nees, 1816) Braconidae: Cheloninae
Ascogaster quadridentata Wesmael, 1835 Braconidae: Cheloninae
Chelonus annulatus (Nees, 1816) Braconidae: Cheloninae
Macrocentrus thoracicus (Nees, 1811) Braconidae: Macrocentrinae
Macrocentrus linearis (Nees, 1811) Braconidae: Macrocentrinae
Apanteles xanthostigma (Haliday, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Meteorus ictericus (Nees, 1811) Braconidae: Meteorinae
Glyptapanteles fraternus (Reinhard, 1881) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Glyptapanteles fulvipes (Haliday, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Dolichogenidea candidata (Haliday, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Protapanteles immunis (Haliday, 1834) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Orgilus pimpinellae Niezabitowski, 1910 Braconidae: Orgilinae
Diadegma fenestrale (Holmgren, 1860) Ichneumonidae: Campopleginae
Pristomerus vulnerator (Panzer, 1799) Ichneumonidae: Cremastinae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
British leafminers
Bladmineerders van Europa
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google


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Last updated 09-May-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page