The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Apteropeda orbiculata (Marsham, 1802)
[Coleoptera : Chrysomelidae]


Chrysomela orbiculata Marsham, 1802
Apteropeda orbiculata (Marsham, 1802).


Leaf-miner: Rather long full depth corridor that winds freely through the leaf and may cross itself. In the end the corridor widens considerably. Frass mostly in a narrow central line, but may also be deposited along the sides or be missing. The larvae regular leave a mine to restart elsewhere. Pupation outside the mine. Neither larva nor mine can be distinguished from that of related species (Bladmineerders van Europa).

The initial mine is a shallow upper surface mine, which then becomes full depth, with a more marked line of frass (British leafminers).

Larva: The larvae of beetles have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles and lack abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is illustrated in British leafminers and Bladmineerders van Europa.

Pupa: The pupae of beetles have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Comments: Stachys officinalis is treated as Betonica officinalis (Betony) by Stace (2010).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Asteraceae        
Aster       British leafminers
Aster       Pitkin & Plant
Cirsium       British leafminers
Cirsium       Pitkin & Plant
Lamiaceae        
Ajuga       Pitkin & Plant
Ajuga reptans Bugle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Galeopsis       British leafminers
Galeopsis tetrahit Common Hemp-nettle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Stachys       British leafminers
Stachys       Pitkin & Plant
Teucrium scorodonia Wood Sage British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Plantaginaceae        
Plantago       British leafminers
Plantago       Pitkin & Plant
Primulaceae        
Primula       British leafminers
Primula       Pitkin & Plant
Scrophulariaceae        
Linaria       British leafminers
Linaria       Pitkin & Plant
Rhinanthus       British leafminers
Rhinanthus       Pitkin & Plant
Scrophularia       British leafminers
Scrophularia       Pitkin & Plant
Verbascum       British leafminers
Verbascum       Pitkin & Plant
Veronica       British leafminers
Veronica       Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Asteraceae        
Aster       Bladmineerders van Europa
Bellis perennis Daisy British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Carduus       Bladmineerders van Europa
Cirsium       Bladmineerders van Europa
Lamiaceae        
Ajuga genevensis Cornish Bugle   Bladmineerders van Europa
Ajuga reptans Bugle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Clinopodium vulgare Wild Basil British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa, as Calamintha vulgaris
Galeopsis tetrahit Common Hemp-nettle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Glechoma hederacea Ground-ivy British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Glechoma hirsuta     Bladmineerders van Europa
Lamium       Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunella       Bladmineerders van Europa
Stachys officinalis Betony British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Stachys recta Perennial Yellow-woundwort   Bladmineerders van Europa
Teucrium       Bladmineerders van Europa
Plantaginaceae        
Plantago atrata     Bladmineerders van Europa
Plantago lanceolata Ribwort Plantain British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Plantago major Greater Plantain British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Primulaceae        
Primula obconica     Bladmineerders van Europa
Scrophulariaceae        
Digitalis ambigua     Bladmineerders van Europa
Digitalis grandiflora Yellow Foxglove   Bladmineerders van Europa
Digitalis lutea Straw Foxglove   Bladmineerders van Europa
Digitalis purpurea Foxglove British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Linaria       Bladmineerders van Europa
Pedicularis       Bladmineerders van Europa
Rhinanthus       Bladmineerders van Europa
Scrophularia       Bladmineerders van Europa
Verbascum       Bladmineerders van Europa
Verbascum lychnitis White Mullein British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Veronica chamaedrys Germander Speedwell British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: Spring (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread including Anglesey, Ayrshire, Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Berwickshire, Breconshire, Cheshire, Cumberland, Derbyshire, Dorset, Dumfriesshire, County Durham, East Cornwall, East Gloucestershire, East Kent, East Norfolk, East Suffolk, East Sussex, Flintshire, Glamorganshire, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Isle of Man, Isle of Wight, Kirkcudbrightshire, Leicestershire, Merionethshire, Mid-west Yorkshire, Middlesex, Monmouthshire, North Devon, North Essex, North Lincolnshire, North Somerset, North Wiltshire, North-east Yorkshire, North-west Yorkshire, Northamptonshire, South Northumberland, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Pembrokeshire, Radnorshire and Roxburgh (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Audisio in Fauna Europaea) and in Ireland (InvertebrateIreland Online).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish mainland, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Audisio in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Ajuga genevensis, Ajuga reptans, Bellis perennis, Clinopodium vulgare, Digitalis grandiflora, Digitalis lutea, Digitalis purpurea, Galeopsis tetrahit, Glechoma hederacea, Plantago lanceolata, Plantago major, Stachys officinalis (= Betonica officinalis), Stachys recta, Teucrium scorodonia, Verbascum lychnitis, Veronica chamaedrys

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:

Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist

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