The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

Join us on Facebook

 

DIPTERA LARVAE - POSTERIOR SPIRACLES
(examples not to scale)

Larva : Coleoptera : Diptera : Hymenoptera : Lepidoptera
Pupa/Puparium : Coleoptera : Diptera : Hymenoptera : Lepidoptera
Diptera : Anterior spiracles : Posterior spiracles : Cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton

Spiracles are the major respiratory openings in the exoskeleton of insects. Oxygen, a necessary gas for cell activity, must pass through the spiracle to enter the respiratory system. Fly larvae typically have an anterior and a posterior pair of spiracles.


Larva of Agromyza abiens
Agromyza abiens [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracles of larva, dorsal
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Agromyza anthracina [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Agromyza anthracina [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracles of larva, dorsal
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   

Agromyza anthracina [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Agromyza anthracina [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracle of larva, lateral
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Agromyza demeijerei larva,  posterior spiracles
Agromyza demeijerei [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracle of larva

Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   

Agromyza ferruginosa Posterior Spiracles of larva
Agromyza ferruginosa [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracles of larva, dorsal

Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)


Agromyza ferruginosa Posterior spiracles of larva,  lateral
Agromyza ferruginosa [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracle of larva, lateral
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   

Agromyza flaviceps Posterior spiracles of larva,  dorsal
Agromyza flaviceps [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracles of larva, dorsal

Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Agromyza idaeina Posterior spiracle of larva,  lateral
Agromyza idaeina [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracle of larva, lateral

Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   

Agromyza igniceps [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Agromyza igniceps
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracle of larva, lateral
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Agromyza_johannae Posterior spiracles of larva,  dorsal
Agromyza johannae [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracle of larva, dorsal

Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   

Agromyza lathyri Posterior spiracles of larva,  lateral
Agromyza lathyri [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracle of larva, lateral

Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Agromyza lucida [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Agromyza lucida [Diptera: Agromyzidae]
Posterior spiracles, dorsal
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)



XHTML Validator Last updated 21-Mar-2014  Brian Pitkin Top of page