The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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CHANGES - 2008
 
 

11th December 2008 - Database updated.

Image and caption mis-alignments in Keys and on Species pages in the back-end database on the Museum's server were corrected.

Additions to the synonymy of Parna apicalis were made to both the Museum and this version. I am grateful to Rob Edmunds for bringing these to my attention.

The database on the Natural History Museum's server was updated to incorporate these corrections and additions.

11th November 2008 - Museum website version went live

The Museum website version went live on 11 November at www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/research/projects/british-insect-mines/index.html.

27th October - Coleoptera - Orchestes calceatus treated as a distinct species

Alonso-Zarazaga in Fauna Europaea treats Orchestes calceatus (Germar, 1821) as a junior synonym of Orchestes testaceus (Müller, 1766) following Anderson (1989). According to Morris in Duff (2008) Orchestes calceatus Germar, 1821 on Betula pubescens is distinct from Orchestes testaceus (Müller, 1766) on Alnus in Britain.

21st Ocotober - Coleoptera - More weevils added

Three more mining weevils, Orthochaetes insignis, Rhamphus subaeneus and Hadroplontus litura have been added to the Checklist, Index and Species pages along with their known host plants and distribution. I am grateful to Michael Morris for drawing my attention to these ommisions. [This data has yet to be updated on the Museum's website].

17th October - Coleoptera - Ceutorhynchus contractus added.

The polyphagous British weevil, Ceutorhynchus contractus (= minutus) has been added to the Checklist, Index and Species pages and its known host plants (mainly Brassicaceae) and distribution. I am grateful to Carl Farmer for drawing my attention to this ommision.

1st October, 2008 - Diptera - additional host records added from British leafminers

Additional host records for flies from British Leafminers were added to this website.

29th September 2008 - Parasitoids and miners - missing original dates of publication added

The missing original dates of publication in the lists of parasitoids and their miners and in miner species pages have been added.

28th September 2008 - Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of Belgium links added

Links to the Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of Belgium, where they exist (187 of the 455 moths), have been added to the species pages on this website. The species pages for Caryocolum marmoreum and Spilonota lariciana have been updated with information from that source.

12th September 2008 - Interuption to NBN website and web services

Neither the NBN Gateway website nor web services will be available on 29th or 30th September, while NBN move the servers, and this could run into the 1st October. In fact, they should be considered 'at risk' for the whole week. NBN don't anticipate any problems but there are a lot of interdependent tasks that all have to go right for NBN to meet this schedule.

As a consequence the NBN distribution maps embedded in this website will not appear on species pages during the move and species pages formerly with maps will take longer to download.

12th September 2008 - Data and images

All data and images included in this website were submitted to Natural History Museum, as an Access database, to make it available online on the Museum's website next month.

Prior to submission all Access data was checked and, where necessary, updated. Most of the changes are host plants added to or removed from the keys.

3rd September 2008 - Host plant common names added - Coleoptera and Hymenoptera

Host plant common names, where they exist, have been added to all species pages of Coleoptera and Hymenoptera.

1st September 2008 - Host plant common names added - Lepidoptera

Host plant common names, where they exist, have been added to the remining 72 species pages of Lepidoptera alphabetically from Stigmella aceris to Xenolechia aethiops.

31st August 2008 - Host plant common names added - Lepidoptera

Host plant common names, where they exist, have been added to a further 79 species pages of Lepidoptera alphabetically from Phyllonorycter acerifoliella to Stephensia brunnichella.

30th August 2008 - Host plant common names added - Lepidoptera

Host plant common names, where they exist, have been added to a further 84 species pages of Lepidoptera alphabetically from Elophila nymphaeata to Phyllocnistis xenia.

29th August 2008 - Host plant common names added - Lepidoptera

Host plant common names, where they exist, have been added to a further 80 species pages of Lepidoptera alphabetically from Coleotechnites piceaella to Elachista utonella.

25th August 2008 - Host plant common names added - Lepidoptera

Host plant common names, where they exist, have been added to 142 species pages of Lepidoptera alphabetically from Acrocercops brongniardella to Coleophora wockeella.

19th August 2008 - Host plant common names added - Diptera

Host plant common names, where they exist, have been added to the remaining 228 species pages of Diptera alphabetically from Melanagromyza aenea to Trypeta zoe.

10th August 2008 - Host plant common names added - Diptera

Host plant common names, where they exist, have been added to 154 species pages of Diptera alphabetically from Chromatomyia primulae to Liriomyza virgo.

4th August 2008 - Index to 'miner' species names added

A list of all 'miner' species alphabetically by species name has been added. This includes all genus/species combinations and junior synonyms included on this website. For users unsure of the genus/species combination or family assignment used on this website this should provide a quicker way of locating 'miner' species.

29th July 2008 - Additional host plant images and links

Additional host plant images have been added to the host plant pages and links to host plant images have been added to the Scientific name and Common name indexes.

15th July 2008 - Host plant common names added - Diptera

Host plant common names, where they exist, have been added to 152 species pages of Diptera alphabetically from Acidia cognata to Chromatomyia periclymeni.

4th July 2008 - Additional NBN Gateway grid maps - Diptera and Lepidoptera

An additional 9 NBN Gateway grid maps, overlooked earlier, have been embedded in species pages using iframes - Cerodontha biseta, Cerodontha bohemani, Liriomyza infuscata, Melanagromyza pubescens, Napomyza elegans, Phytobia errans, Phytomyza albipennis, Botanophila striolata [Dptera], Cedestis gysseleniella [Lepidoptera].

NBN grid maps (where they exist - 74 of 76 species) have been embedded in species pages using iframes (see below) for all Coleophora species.

The total number of NBN Gateway grid maps embedded in species pages on this website is 693 out of the 970 species included here.

23rd June 2008 - An additional British species of Coleoptera added

Orchestes testaceus [Curculionidae], a leaf miner on Alnus and Betula was added to this site.

11th June 2008 - Additional British species of Lepidoptera added

Phyllocnistis ramulicola [Gracillariidae] a stem miner on Salix, a new species described from Britain and Portugal, was added to this site.

Bucculatrix ulmifoliae [Bucculatricidae] a miner on Ulmus, recorded new to Britain in 2006, was added to this site.

11th June 2008 - An additional British species of Hymenoptera added

Parna apicalis [Tenthredinidae] a miner of Tilia, recorded new in Britain in 2007 was added to this site.

11th June 2008 - National Leafmining Lepidoptera Scheme maps

External links to the National Leafmining Lepidoptera Scheme maps in British leafminers (where they exist) have been added to species pages for the Lepidoptera (202 0f 455).

The National Leafmining Lepidoptera Scheme is run by Rob Edmunds who welcomes your leafminer records. The maps, which are gifs, are generated using Alan Morton's MapMate and include a far greater number of records (currently nearly 160, 000) than the NBN Gateway for the leafmining Lepidoptera.

10th June 2008 - NBN Gateway grid maps - Lepidoptera

NBN grid maps (where they exist) have been embedded in species pages using iframes (see below) for all Lepidoptera alphabetically except Coleophora species.

6th June 2008 - NBN Gateway grid maps - Coleoptera and Hymenoptera

NBN grid maps (where they exist) have been embedded in species pages using iframes (see below) for Coleoptera (30 of 30 species) and Hymenoptera (12 of 24 species).

5th June 2008 - NBN Gateway grid maps - Diptera

Inspired by Jim Bacon's article in NBNNews (Spring 2008, Issue 36) entitled 'NBN Distribution Maps Made Easy', grid maps (where they exist - 213 of 461 species) have been embedded in the relevant Diptera species pages using iframes. Users should be aware that the maps are not exhaustive and other records exist or probably exist for most species. However, since the maps are dynamic, each time a new record is added to the NBN Gateway the maps are automatically updated. The pages on this website are currently generated using HTML without cascading style sheets, so the font style and size of the text in the embedded grid maps is different from the font style and size used for this website. Once migrated to the Museum's website, font size and style will be consistent.

Please note that if instead of an NBN grid map, an error message is diplayed as follows:

No results available
The National Biodiversity Network has not returned any results.

This can occur if the taxon version key you supplied is incorrect or if the service is currently unavailable.

The reason will be that the NBN grid map service on Biological Records Centre server is currently unavailable, as the taxon version keys (the unique taxon codes used by NBN) have all been verified. You should still be able to access the NBN interactive distribution map from the link following the list of Vice Counties since this is based on a different server.

3rd June 2008 - NBN Gateway Watsonian Vice Counties - Lepidoptera - Phylloporia bistrigella to Xenolechia aethiops

The distribution in Britain by Watsonian Vice County as listed in the NBN Gateway has been added for all remaining species of Lepidoptera where it exists (91 of the 97 species). Links to the relevant NBN Gateway interactive distribution map are included. External links to all data providers are also included, in line with the Gateway Terms and Conditions. Usage of such data reproduced on this site is also subject to these Terms and Condition.

The external links given in the 'Distribution in Britain' section on this website for these Lepidoptera species to NBN Gateway distribution maps have been updated to display the far more useful interactive map rather than the grid map.

The NBN Gateway external links given in the 'External Links' section at the foot of each species page of these Lepidoptera on this website, where it exists, on this website has been updated to display the NBN Gateway search results for the taxon in question rather than a distribution map. This allows other features (including taxonomic information) on the NBN Gateway to be explored.

1st June 2008 - NBN Gateway Watsonian Vice Counties - Lepidoptera - Mompha lacteella to Phyllonorycter viminetorum

The distribution in Britain by Watsonian Vice County as listed in the NBN Gateway has been added for all species of Lepidoptera alphabetically from Mompha lacteella to Phyllonorycter viminetorum, where it exists (83 of the 94 species). Links to the relevant NBN Gateway interactive distribution map are included. External links to all data providers are also included, in line with the Gateway Terms and Conditions. Usage of such data reproduced on this site is also subject to these Terms and Condition.

The external links given in the 'Distribution in Britain' section on this website for these Lepidoptera species to NBN Gateway distribution maps have been updated to display the far more useful interactive map rather than the grid map.

The NBN Gateway external links given in the 'External Links' section at the foot of each species page of these Lepidoptera on this website, where it exists, on this website has been updated to display the NBN Gateway search results for the taxon in question rather than a distribution map. This allows other features (including taxonomic information) on the NBN Gateway to be explored.

28th May 2008 - NBN Gateway Watsonian Vice Counties - Lepidoptera - Coleotechnites piceaella to Lyonetia prunifoliella

The distribution in Britain by Watsonian Vice County as listed in the NBN Gateway has been added for all species of Lepidoptera alphabetically from Coleotechnites piceaella to Lyonetia prunifoliella, where it exists (110 of the 123 species). Links to the relevant NBN Gateway interactive distribution map are included. External links to all data providers are also included, in line with the Gateway Terms and Conditions. Usage of such data reproduced on this site is also subject to these Terms and Condition.

The external links given in the 'Distribution in Britain' section on this website for these Lepidoptera species to NBN Gateway distribution maps have been updated to display the far more useful interactive map rather than the grid map.

The NBN Gateway external links given in the 'External Links' section at the foot of each species page of these Lepidoptera on this website, where it exists, on this website has been updated to display the NBN Gateway search results for the taxon in question rather than a distribution map. This allows other features (including taxonomic information) on the NBN Gateway to be explored.

24th May 2008 - NBN Gateway Watsonian Vice Counties - Lepidoptera - Acrocercops brongniardella to Coleophora wockeella

The distribution in Britain by Watsonian vice county as listed in the NBN Gateway has been added for all species of Lepidoptera alphabetically from Acrocercops brongniardella to Coleophora wockeella, where it exists (138 of the 141 species). Links to the relevant NBN Gateway interactive distribution map are included. External links to all data providers are also included, in line with the Gateway Terms and Conditions. Usage of such data reproduced on this site is also subject to these Terms and Condition.

The external links given in the 'Distribution in Britain' section on this website for these Lepidoptera species to NBN Gateway distribution maps have been updated to display the far more useful interactive map rather than the grid map.

The NBN Gateway external links given in the 'External Links' section at the foot of each species page of these Lepidoptera on this website, where it exists, on this website has been updated to display the NBN Gateway search results for the taxon in question rather than a distribution map. This allows other features (including taxonomic information) on the NBN Gateway to be explored.

17th May 2008 - NBN Gateway Watsonian Vice Counties - Hymenoptera

The distribution in Britain by Watsonian vice county as listed in the NBN Gateway has been added for all species of Hymenoptera where it exists (12 of the 24 species of Hymenoptera). Links to the relevant NBN Gateway interactive distribution map are included. External links to all data providers are also included, in line with the Gateway Terms and Conditions. Usage of such data reproduced on this site is also subject to these Terms and Condition.

The external links given in the 'Distribution in Britain' section on this website for Hymenoptera species to NBN Gateway distribution maps have been updated to display the far more useful interactive map rather than the grid map.

The NBN Gateway external links given in the 'External Links' section at the foot of each species page of Hymenoptera, where it exists on this website, has been updated to display the NBN Gateway search results for the taxon in question rather than a distribution map. This allows other features (including taxonomic information) on the NBN Gateway to be explored.

16th May 2008 - - NBN Gateway Watsonian Vice Counties - Diptera and Coleoptera

The distribution in Britain by Watsonian vice county as listed in the NBN Gateway has been added for all species of Diptera and Coleoptera where it exists (213 of the 461 species of Diptera; 30 of 30 species of Coleoptera). Links to the relevamt NBN Gateway interactive distribution map are included. External links to all data providers are also included, in line with the Gateway Terms and Conditions. Usage of such data reproduced on this site is also subject to these Terms and Condition.

The external links given in the 'Distribution in Britain' section on this website for Diptera and Coleoptera species to NBN Gateway distribution maps have been updated to display the far more useful interactive map rather than the grid map.

The NBN Gateway external links given in the 'External Links' section at the foot of each species page of Diptera and Coleoptera, where it exists on this website, has been updated to display the NBN Gateway search results for the taxon in question rather than a distribution map. This allows other features (including taxonomic information) on the NBN Gateway to be explored.

7th May 2008 - Diptera species - External Hyperlinks to Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa (formerly Nederlandse bladmineerders and Bladmineerders van Europa)

Willem Ellis is currently updating the Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa website to include English as well as Dutch. In the course of that process, most of his Diptera species pages have been moved to a new subfolder. This action caused most of the external hyperlinks on the Diptera species pages on this website to break. All of the links to on this website to Diptera species pages have now been updated to restore these links.

In the course of updating the external links from the Diptera species pages on this website, additional links to pages with images (where they exist) on Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa and British Leafminers have been added to the mine description.

31st March 2008 - Authorship

Authorship updated to 'Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds' in recognition of their invaluable input to this project.

27th March 2008 - Lepidoptera - Synonymy

References to the original name, junior synonyms and subsequent combinations have been added for all Lepidoptera species where a match was found in The Global Lepidoptera Names Index [accessed 20-7 March, 2008]. These references have not yet verified against the original publications cited.

20th March 2008 - Hymenoptera species

All 24 Hymenoptera species pages have been updated to include (where known) descriptions of mines, larvae, pupae, time of year and distribution in Great Britain, Ireland and elsewhere, bringing together information from British Leafminers, Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa and Fauna Europaea. Links have also been created to the appropriate NBN Gateway grid map (where it exists) for each species.

14th March 2008 - Coleoptera species

All 30 Coleoptera species pages have been updated to include (where known) descriptions of mines, larvae, pupae, time of year and distribution in Great Britain, Ireland and elsewhere, bringing together information from British Leafminers, Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa and Fauna Europaea. Links have also been created to the appropriate NBN Gateway grid map (where it exists) for each species.

14th March 2008 - Lepidoptera species - Stigmella lemniscella to Xenolechia aethiops

The remining 47 Lepidoptera species pages (alphabetically by genus and species from Stigmella lemniscella to Xenolechia aethiops) have been updated to include (where known) descriptions of mines, larvae, pupae, time of year and distribution in Great Britain, Ireland and elsewhere, bringing together information from British Leafminers, Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa, UKMoths and Fauna Europaea. Links have also been created to the appropriate NBN Gateway grid map (where it exists) for each species.

A header graphic has been added and the background colour changed to pale green.

5th March 2008 - Parasitoids of Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Hymenoptera

The known British chalcidoid parasitoids of all British non-dipterous miners have been added and the lists of associations have been updated. Unless otherwise stated these parasitoid/miner associations are taken from John Noyes' Universal Chalcidoid Database. All of the parasitoids and their associated host miners occur in Britain. The associations themselves, however, may not be British records.

2nd March 2008 - Lepidoptera species - Stigmella aceris to Stigmella lapponica

A further 25 Lepidoptera species pages (alphabetically by genus and species from Stigmella aceris to Stigmella lapponica) have been updated to include (where known) descriptions of mines, larvae, pupae, time of year and distribution in Great Britain, Ireland and elsewhere, bringing together information from British Leafminers, Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa, UKMoths and Fauna Europaea. Links have also been created to the appropriate NBN Gateway grid map (where it exists) for each species.

Hosts of non-dipterous miners outside of Britain (where known) have been added to the 'Key' pages'.

22nd January 2008 - Lepidoptera species - Phylloporia bistrigella to Stephensia brunnichella

A further 25 Lepidoptera species pages (alphabetically by genus and species from Phylloporia bistrigella to Stephensia brunnichella) have been updated to include (where known) descriptions of mines, larvae, pupae, time of year and distribution in Great Britain, Ireland and elsewhere, bringing together information from British Leafminers, Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa, UKMoths and Fauna Europaea. Links have also been created to the appropriate NBN Gateway grid map (where it exists) for each species.

External links from the 'Key' pages to the relavant page in UKMoths (where is exists) have been added for all Lepidoptera species.

12th January 2008 - Lepidoptera species - Phyllonorycter acerifoliella to Phyllonorycter viminetorum

A further 54 Lepidoptera species pages (alphabetically by genus and species from Phyllonorycter acerifoliella to Phyllonorycter viminetorum) have been updated to include (where known) descriptions of mines, larvae, pupae, time of year and distribution in Great Britain, Ireland and elsewhere, bringing together information from British Leafminers, c, UKMoths and Fauna Europaea. Links have also been created to the appropriate NBN Gateway grid map (where it exists) for each species.

5th January 2008 - Lepidoptera species - Mompha lacteella to Phyllocnistis xenia

A further 40 Lepidoptera species pages (alphabetically by genus and species from Mompha lacteella to Phyllocnistis xenia) have been updated to include (where known) descriptions of mines, larvae, pupae, time of year and distribution in Great Britain, Ireland and elsewhere, bringing together information from British Leafminers, Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa, UKMoths and Fauna Europaea. Links have also been created to the appropriate NBN Gateway grid map (where it exists) for each species.

1st January 2008 - Lepidoptera species - Elophila nymphaeata to Lyonetia prunifoliella

A further 44 Lepidoptera species pages (alphabetically by genus and species from Elophila nymphaeata to Lyonetia prunifoliella) have been updated to include (where known) descriptions of mines, larvae, pupae, time of year and distribution in Great Britain, Ireland and elsewhere, bringing together information from British Leafminers, Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa, UKMoths and Fauna Europaea. Links have also been created to the appropriate NBN Gateway grid map (where it exists) for each species.




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