The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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CHANGES - 2010
 
 
28th December 2010 - NBN grid map height increased

The height of the NBN grid map frame (where a map is available) was increased to enable data sources to be displayed for the majority of species without the need to scroll. Where there are very large numbers of data sources the scroll bar is displayed so that the hidden data sources may be viewed by scrolling.

27th December 2010 - Menu layout changed

The main navigation menu was changed to bring together the Miner index and Miner checklists (see above).

24th December 2010 - Lepidoptera species added

The nepticulid moth Trifurcula immundella, a twig miner on Cystisus scoparius (Broom), was added following British leafminers.

23rd December 2010 - Lepidoptera miners updated

Links from the 467 Lepidoptera included here to the Encyclopedia of Life and the Biodiversity Heritage Library have been added. These external links are based on the currently accepted name. Not all of the Biodiversity Heritage Library links are currently populated, nor comprehensive, but it is expected that they will be over time

14th December 2010 - Diptera miners and non-miners updated

Links from the 472 Diptera included here to the Encyclopedia of Life and the Biodiversity Heritage Library have been added. These external links are based on the currently accepted name. Not all of the Biodiversity Heritage Library links are currently populated, nor comprehensive, but it is expected that they will be over time.

6th December 2010 - Hymenoptera miners updated

Links from the 26 Hymenoptera miners included here to the Encyclopedia of Life and the Biodiversity Heritage Library have been added. These external links are based on the currently accepted name. Not all of the Biodiversity Heritage Library links are currently populated, nor comprehensive, but it is expected that they will be over time.

6th December 2010 - Coleoptera miners updated

The synonymy of the Coleoptera miners included here have been updated. Links to the 36 species included here to the Encyclopedia of Life and the Biodiversity Heritage Library have been added. These links are based on either the original name or, if this is not included, then to the currently accepted name. Not all of the Biodiversity Heritage Library links are currently populated, nor comprehensive, but it is expected that they will be over time.

The Encyclopedia of Life includes records from the Catalogue of Life (Species 2000 and ITIS), the Global Biodiversity Information Facility and The Global Lepidoptera Names Index among many others. Images sourced from BioImages, Biolib, Biopix, EOL Images Group on Flickr, the EOL Rapid Response Team and other sources are also included.

The Biodiversity Heritage Library includes references to individual names. Scans of many of the individual pages may be viewed and the references may be downloaded.

12th November 2010 - Host plants of Chromatomyia horticola updated

Host plants of Chromatomyia horticola have been updated to include additional host genera included in Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa. As a result the miner is now recorded here from 160 genera in 31 families of which of which 55 plant genera in 19 families are records for Britain.

10th November 2010 - Host plant pages R to Z updated

Host plant pages for genera beginning with R - Z have been updated to include descriptions and, where available, images of mines or cases of British and non-British Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Hymenoptera.

All host plant pages for genera beginning with R - Z have been updated to include a synopsis of the host preferences and distribution for each taxon of Coleoptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera.

These same host plant pages have been updated to exclude or include those associations which were deleted or added on 12 September, 2010 due to changes in Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa (see below).

27th October 2010 - Host plant pages N to Q updated

Host plant pages for genera beginning with N - Q have been updated to include descriptions and, where available, images of mines or cases of British and non-British Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Hymenoptera.

All host plant pages for genera beginning with N - Q have been updated to include a synopsis of the host preferences and distribution for each taxon of Coleoptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera.

These same host plant pages have been updated to exclude or include those associations which were deleted or added on 12 September, 2010 due to changes in Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa (see below).

Updates to the remaining genera are ongoing.

4th October 2010 - Host plant pages A to M updated

Host plant pages for genera beginning with A - M have been updated to include descriptions and, where available, images of mines or cases of British and non-British Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Hymenoptera.

All host plant pages for genera beginning with G - M have been updated to include a synopsis of the host preferences and distribution for each taxon of Coleoptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera included..

These same host plant pages have been updated to exclude or include those associations which were deleted or added on 12 September, 2010 due to changes in Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa (see below).

Updates to the remaining genera are ongoing.

12th September 2010 - Links from known host plant species to NBN distribution maps added for all Lepidoptera

Links have been added from known host plant species to NBN interactive distribution maps, where they exist, for all species of Lepidoptera. For species of moths without NBN distribution maps, these host plant species distribution maps will inform the user of the potential range of the moth. Where both moth and host species maps exist, these highlight just how few moth records are recorded by the NBN relative to the numbers of host species records, particularly where the moth is monophagous (recorded on a single host plant species). Additionally the host distribution maps provide location information on where the moth might be sought.

12th September 2010 - Host plant associations of British miners outside of Britain updated

A total of 313 host plant associations of British miners outside of Britain have been deleted following their exclusion from Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa or subsequent synonymy or replacement of a genus only association by a genus and species association.

A total of 1, 785 new host plant associations of British miners outside of Britain have been added following their addition to Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa or subsequent synonymy or replacement of a genus and species association by a genus only association.

As a result of these changes many of the host pages need to be updated.

11th August 2010 - Keys to Diptera updated

The keys to Diptera mines have been updated to include a synopsis of the host preferences and distribution for each taxon.

4th August 2010 - Host plant pages A to F updated

Host plant pages for genera beginning with A - F have been updated to include descriptions and, where available, images of mines or cases of British and non-British Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Hymenoptera. Updates to the remaining genera are ongoing.

18th July 2010 - Links to NBN Gateway updated

All missing links to the National Biodiversity Network Gateway have been added. Where a NBN Grid Map does not yet exist on the NBN Gateway, the term 'No map' has been used on this website.

17th July 2010 - Fuana Europaea links updated

The taxon unique id's in Fauna Europae for most of the taxa have recently been changed. As a consequence they have had to be updated on this website.

8th June 2010 - Host plant names changed in Stace's New Flora of the British Isles

Changes to host plant and non-host plant names have been made in the New Flora of the British Isles by Stace (April 2010).

Taxa below marked with an * indicate a change of host genus. The host plant names used in the keys and species accounts on this website have not been changed. All host plant name changes, however, are noted in the keys and species accounts and cross-referenced.

Recorded miners are listed beneath each host plant with an indication of the provenance of the record.

Alyssum saxatile is treated as Aurinia saxatile (Golden Alison) by Stace (2010).*

Ceutorhynchus minutus [Coleoptera: Curculionidae]. Foreign host plant record.
Liriomyza strigata
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Arabis arenosa is treated as Arabidopsis arenosa (Sand Rock-cress) by Stace (2010).*

Ceutorhynchus minutus [Coleoptera: Curculionidae]. Foreign host plant record.
Liriomyza strigata
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Arabis glabra is treated as Turritis glabra (Tower Mustard) by Stace (2010).*

Ceutorhynchus minutus [Coleoptera: Curculionidae]. Foreign host plant record
Liriomyza bryoniae [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.
Scaptomyza flava
[Diptera: Drosophilidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Carex ovalis is treated as Carex leporina (Oval Sedge) by Stace (2010).

Cerodontha angulata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Cerodontha caricicola [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Ceterach officinarum is treated as Asplenium ceterach (Rustyback) by Stace (2010).*

Chromatomyia scolopendri [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Psychoides verhuella [Lepidoptera: Tineidae]. British host plant record.

Chenopodium ambrosioides is treated as Dysphania ambrosioides (Mexican-tea) by Stace (2010).*

Liriomyza huidobrensis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Pegomya hyoscyami [Diptera: Anthomyiidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Chrysanthemum coronarium is treated as Glebionis coronarium (Crown Daisy) by Stace (2010).*

Liriomyza strigata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Chrysanthemum segetum is treated as Glebionis segetum (Corn Marigold) by Stace (2010).*

Chromatomyia atricornis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British host plant record
Liriomyza strigata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Coronopus didymus is treated as Lepidium didymum (Lesser Swine-cress) by Stace (2010).*

Scaptomyza flava [Diptera: Drosophilidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Dactylorhiza majalis is treated as Dactylorhiza kerryensis (Western Marsh-orchid) by Stace (2010).

Parallelomma vittata [Diptera: Scathophagidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Erigeron acer is treated as Erigeron acris (Blue Fleabane) by Stace (2010).

Calycomyza humeralis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Phytomyza erigerophila [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records.

Festuca arundinacea is treated as Schedonorus arundinacea (Tall Fescue) by Stace (2010).*

Cerodontha incisa [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Cosmopterix orichalcea [Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae]. British host plant record
Elachista bisulcella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record
Elachista freyerella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record
Elachista rufocinerea [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Elachista stabilella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. British and Foreign host plant records.

Festuca gigantea is treated as Schedonorus gigantea (Giant Fescue) by Stace (2010).*

Cerodontha denticornis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Cerodontha flavocingulata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Cerodontha incisa [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Cerodontha muscina [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Cerodontha pygmaea [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Pseudonapomyza atra [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Elachista adscitella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record.
Elachista apicipunctella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record
Elachista luticomella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Festuca pratensis is treated as Schedonorus pratensis (Meadow Fescue) by Stace (2010).*

Cerodontha denticornis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Cerodontha flavocingulata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Cerodontha incisa [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Elachista luticomella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record
Elachsita maculicerusella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Galium mollugo is treated as Galium album (Hedge Bedstraw) by Stace (2010).

Aulagromyza buhri [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Aulagromyza lucens [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Aulagromyza trivittata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British host plant record
Galiomyza morio [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Ophiomyia galii [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records.

Helictotrichon pratense is treated as Avenula pratensis (Meadow Oat-grass) by Stace (2010).*

Elachista argentella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record
Elachista bedellella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. British host plant record.

Helictotrichon pubescens is treated as Avenula pubescens (Downy Oat-grass) by Stace (2010).*

Elachista albifrontella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record
Elachista argentella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record
Elachista canapennella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record
Elachista subnigrella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. British host plant record
Elachista unifasciella [Lepidoptera: Elachistidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Lavatera arborea is treated as Malva arborea (Tree-mallow) by Stace (2010).*

Chromatomyia horticola [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British host plant record.

Leontodon autumnalis is treated as Scorzoneroides autumnalis (Autumn Hawkbit) by Stace (2010).*

Chromatomyia farfarella [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Chromatomyia syngenesiae [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Liriomyza strigata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Liriomyza taraxaci [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British host plant record
Ophiomyia beckeri [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Ophiomyia pulicaria [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British host plant record
Phytomyza marginella [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Trypeta immaculata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Orthochaetes setiger {Coleoptera: Curculionidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Listera ovata is treated as Neottia ovata (Common Twayblade) by Stace (2010).*

Parallelomma vittata [Diptera: Scathophagidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Lychnis chalcedonica is treated as Silene chalcedonica (Maltese-Cross) by Stace (2010).*

Amauromyza flavifrons [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Lychnis coronaria is treated as Silene coronaria (Rose Campion) by Stace (2010).

Amauromyza flavifrons [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Delia cardui [Diptera: Anthomyiidae]. British host plant record
Pegomya flavifrons [Diptera: Anthomyiidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Lychnis flos-cuculi is treated as Silene flos-cuculi (Ragged-Robin) by Stace (2010).*

Amauromyza flavifrons [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant records
Liriomyza strigata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Ophiomyia melandricaulis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British host plant record
Delia coronariae [Diptera: Anthomyiidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Pegomya flavifrons [Diptera: Anthomyiidae]. Foreign host plant record
Scaptomyza graminum [Diptera: Drosophilidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Hydrellia griseola [Diptera: Ephydridae]. British host plant record.

Lycopersicon esculentum is treated as Solanum lycopersicum (Tomato) by Stace (2010).*

Chromatomyia horticola [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British host plant record
Liriomyza bryoniae [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Liriomyza huidobrensis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Liriomyza sativae [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Liriomyza strigata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Liriomyza trifolii [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Malus domestica is treated as Malus pumila (Apple) by Stace (2010).

Phytomyza heringiana [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Matricaria recutita is treated as Matricaria chamomilla (Scented Mayweed) by Stace (2010).

Phytomyza pullula [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Medicago sativa subsp. varia is treated as Medicago sativa nothossp. varia (Sand Lucerne) by Stace (2010).

Agromyza frontella [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Liriomyza congesta [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Peucedanum ostruthium is treated as Imperatoria ostruthium (Masterwort) by Stace (2010).*

Euleia heraclei [Diptera: Tephritidae]. Foreign host plant record
Phytomyza pauliloewii [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Peucedanum palustre is treated as Thyselium palustre (Milk-parsley) by Stace (2010).*

Phytomyza pauliloewii [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Phytomyza thysselini [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records.

Phyllitis scolopendrium is treated as Asplenium scolopendrium (Hart's-tongue) by Stace (2010).*

Chromatomyia scolopendri [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British host plant record
Psychoides filicivora [Lepidoptera: Tineidae]. British host plant record
Psychoides verhuella [Lepidoptera: Tineidae]. British host plant record.

Picris echioides is treated as Helminthotheca echioides (Bristly Oxtongue) by Stace (2010).*

Chromatomyia atricornis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British host plant record
Liriomyza huidobrensis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Ophiomyia beckeri [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Ophiomyia cunctata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British host plant record.

Potentilla palustris is treated as Comarum palustre (Marsh Cinquefoil) by Stace (2010).*

Agromyza idaeina [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Agromyza sulfuriceps [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British host plant record
Fenella nigrita [Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Ranunculus ficaria is treated as Ficaria verna (Lesser Celandine) by Stace (2010).*

Phytomyza ranunculi [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Phytomyza ranunculivora [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Phytosciara halterata [Diptera: Sciaridae]. Foreign host plant record
Cnephasia incertana [Lepidoptera: Tortricidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum is treated as Nasturtium officinale (Water-cress) by Stace (2010).*

Scaptomyza graminum [Diptera: Drosophilidae]. British host plant record
Hydrellia griseola [Diptera: Ephydridae]. British host plant record
Hydrellia meigeni [Diptera: Ephydridae]. British host plant record
Hydrellia pubescens [Diptera: Ephydridae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Hydrellia ranunculi [Diptera: Ephydridae]. British host plant record.

Salix x sericans is treated as Salix x smithiana (Broad-leaved Osier) by Stace (2010)

Phyllonorycter salictella [Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]. British host plant record.

Sanguisorba minor is treated as Poterium sanguisorba (Salad Burnet) by Stace (2010).*

Agromyza idaeina [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Agromyza sulfuriceps [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Ectoedemia angulifasciella [Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae]. British host plant record
Stigmella poterii [Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae]. British and Foreign host plant records.

Senecio fluviatilis is treated as Senecio sarracenicus (Broad-leaved Ragwort) by Stace (2010).

Liriomyza strigata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Stachys officinalis is treated as Betonica officinalis (Betony) by Stace (2010).*

Apteropeda orbiculata [Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae]. Foreign host plant record
Amauromyza labiatarum [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Amauromyza lamii [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Amauromyza morionella [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Liriomyza strigata [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Coleophora lineolea [Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]. British host plant record
Coleophora wockeella [Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]. British host plant record.

Stellaria uliginosa is treated as Stellaria alsine (Bog Stitchwort) by Stace (2010).

Scaptomyza graminum [Diptera: Drosophilidae]. Foreign host plant record
Caryocolum tricolorella [Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Thlaspi perfoliatum is treated as Microthlaspi perfoliatum (Perfoliate Penny-cress) by Stace (2010).*

Ceutorhynchus minutus [Coleoptera: Curculionidae]. Foreign host plant record
Scaptomyza graminum [Diptera: Drosophilidae]. Foreign host plant record.

Triglochin maritimum is treated as Triglochin maritima (Sea Arrowgrass) by Stace (2010).

Liriomyza angulicornis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Liriomyza latipalpis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Scrobipalpa stangei [Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae]. British and Foreign host plant records.

Triglochin palustre is treated as Triglochin palustris (Marsh Arrowgrass) by Stace (2010).

Liriomyza angulicornis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. British and Foreign host plant records
Liriomyza latipalpis [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Foreign host plant record
Scrobipalpa stangei [Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae]. British and Foreign host plant records.

X Cupressocyparis leylandii is treated as X Cuprocyparis leylandii (Leyland Cypress) by Stace (2010).*

Argyresthia trifasciata [Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae]. British and Foreign host plant records.




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